Composite toilet is a type of dry toilet using that natural processes of managed aerobic decompostion and composting to treat and recycle human excreta. When human waste enters the composite toilet, ninety percent of the water content uses a vent system for evaporating water that is carried back to the atmosphere. The small percentage of solid material goes though the process of natural decomposition for fertilizer conversion. It is the same natural process for your garden composter, and composite toilets use manipulation of the environment in the composting chamber. It is important to have a balance between the moisture, heat, oxygen and organic material for ensuring a rich environment for the aerobic bacteria, transforming wastes into fertilizing soil.
Through bacterial breakdown in the aerobic mechanism involved, the end product of this process which is a nutrient-rich fertilizer doesn’t contain any pathogens that are destroyed, used around the base of trees or plants, thus reduces need for commercial fertilizers and preserves local water quality. The three separate processes used by composting toilets involve quickly composting waste and toilet paper to remove odor, ensuring the finished compost is easy to handle and safe, and evaporation of liquid. Composite toilets use no or little water, and are often considered as good alternatives for flush toilets in situations without suitable water supply or sewer system. Composting toilets use gradual cold composting conditions in facilitating aerobic processing, odor mitigation and liquid absorption. There are two elements of a composting toilet which are a place for sitting and a composting or collection unit with composting or storage chamber, ventilation unit, collection system and access door.
The design considerations of composite toilets include leachate management, aeration and mixing, environmental factors, additives and bulking material. The four main environmental factors affecting the decomposition process include sufficient oxygen, forty to seventy percent moisture content, forty to fifty percent degrees Celsius temperature and carbon-to-nitrogen ratio of twenty-five is to one. Bulking materials or additives covers feces and reduces access of insects such as bark chips, sawdust, wood chips, pieces of paper or ash. For controlling moisture levels, it is important to have leachate removal to ensure rapid aerobic composting that include urine-diverting system or urine separator, and a drainage system at the bottom of the composter. In order to pass out odors and carbon dioxide, commercial composite toilets have a ventilation system for aeration and mixing that is used for moving air from the bathroom through the waste container, out to a vertical pipe and vent above the roof in order to pass odors and carbon dioxide. We can share some other environmental tips for you and more about composting toilets through our main homepage and website.What Research About Products Can Teach You